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Mallorca – The Island Vacation

July 2, 2017 in News

Mallorca, the Spanish island in the western Mediterranean, belongs to the group of the Balearic Inseln.Sie has a maximum width of 96 km and a length of 78 km island is the largest foreign in this group. In her live about 985 000 people and its area is 3640 km . The capital is called Palma. The coastline is about 554 Km The events of the landscape are very different. The Serra de Tramuntana mountain range which runs parallel to the northern coast contains beautiful rocky coastal areas with small beaches. It covers about 20 km wide and 100 km in length. With 46 peaks over a height of 1000 m, it is probably the most impressive mountain landscape of Mallorca.

The climate is temperate and subtropical, with short, mild winters and hot summers. The flora consists of more than 1,500 different plant species. The fauna, however has not so much species richness. But it is the large number of bird species not to be despised. The history of Mallorca extends to 4000 BC, back into the past. Then settled the first peoples of many caves that verkammen on the island and served them as protection from the weather. These caves have been preserved until today and one of the attractions of the island.

Later, however, other groups populated the interior of Mallorca. They occupied the Talayots-stone buildings. At that time lived in Mallorca, among others, the Greeks, Phoenicians and Carthaginians, until 123 BC, the Romans settled on the island. They named the capital Palma and were also responsible for the name of the city Polentia. 450 AD the Vandals conquered Majorca, including the Balearic Islands. 534 AD But they lost at the Mallorca Byzantine troops. Then in 902 AD, conquered the island from the Moors. In 1229 Mallorca was conquered under the leadership of James I of Aragon the troops. His successor, James II proclaimed the Kingdom of Mallorca. In the 19 Century, then sets a first tourism. The transfer of power was finally ushered in by the Spanish Civil War in 1936. The rule of the Falange had now begun. Thereafter from the year 1960 set a mass tourism. In 1978, Spain is a parliamentary monarchy. In 1983, the Balearic islands autonomous region. Until the present time, tourism is one of the main sources of income in Mallorca. As Mallorca is a very popular destination, especially today large numbers of people streaming through the many last minute and package holidays to this island. Simultaneous blessing and curse for the inhabitants and the nature, because the tourism nurtures many lives and families but the environment very load. The pollution will be reduced by a levy of a tax.

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