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Neuropsychology Regulation

October 26, 2016 in News Tags:

Introduction. The flowering of neuropsychology that occurred during World War II gave way to great masters in the discipline such as Hecaen, Benton, Newcombe, Leontiev, Vygotsky and Luria and many others. Speaking of functional system of language is to go back to the days of Russian neuropsychologist, Alexander Romanovich Luria (1902 – 1977) and figures such as Sigmund Freud and Lev Semenovich Vygotsky. Luria began studying neuropsychology in aphasic and tables with particular emphasis on the relationship between thought and language. Part of their studies focused on brain dynamics and especially in the higher cortical functions. Its main concepts are the functional system of language and brain units. Thought to Speech. Rob Daley: the source for more info. Alexander Luria of the ideas of Vygotsky language stating that the interior is the bridge between thought and expressive language.

This internal language is a predicative function, say a grammatical amorphous and a connection to external reality. Functional System Language. The concept of functional language system is referred not to the location of brain functions as the models postulated by location, but the location of interacting factors in a linguistic function. These factors are of complex composition and performance variable. For example, in conducting a drawing, prefrontal areas involved programming and end-to-verify praxis performance, motor areas that directly control the movement of the hand visual areas, areas parieto necessary for good management of spatial relations and many others.

Luria (1973), describes three major brain units involved in any form of higher activity. One unit is related to the regulation, activation and modulation of nerve impulses, the second procures, processes and stores information from the surrounding world and the third unit is mainly related to programming and testing of cognitive operations. Each of these Operating units include more organs or cortical areas, which together constitute a neuropsychological. Brain units. Unit One Brain. The first unit is formed by the reticular activating system which is a set of nerve fibers extending from the spinal cord to the midbrain and cerebral cortex, specifically the limbic system. Its activation function, attention, control, memory and temporal orientation. Second Brain Unit. The second processing unit includes specific cortical regions in the left and right hemispheres, including the corpus callosum (parietal lobes, temporal and occipital). The sensory input and data analysis performed in both hemispheres with different objectives. The spatial organization (drawings and gestures) are a function of the right hemisphere, while the symbolism and language are the left hemisphere.

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