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Capitalism and Reagan

November 15, 2013 in News Tags:

At the same time, the Doctrine Reagan searched the opening of doors for the capitalism and the introduction of what until today the United States they use as argument, the promotion of the liberal democracy. In great measure, the economic growth of Latin America in the years of 1970 had depended on the loans of the exterior. Throughout the decade of 1980, it was remained trend of fall of the quotation of good part of main Latin American primary products of exportation. At the same time, the United States placed in practical one politics of valuation of the dollar and increase of the taxes of interests in internal level. This meant a double penalizao for Latin America, therefore it had an increase of the incubencies with the service of divides, that more became expensive, as well as a esvaziamento of offers of capitals, given the attraction exerted for the North American market. In consequncia, the public investments had been contracted.

The continent was crawled in a economic crisis for every year of 1980. with regard to this as Leandro Karnal (2007): After the Second War the external politics of U.S.A. it was guided by the unconcern in relation to the countries of Latin America. However, without leaving to monitor all the governments of the region, in the direction to brake possible regimes that they promoted social reforms or changes in the relation of subservincia to the Americans. For the negotiation of it divides and attainment of more credits reforms would have to be applied, that incluam the opening of the national economies to the market, as well as the foreign inversion, the reduction of the paper of the government as economic agent, the impulse the new exportations and measures against inflation. According to Luis Fernando Ayerbe: they are factors that contribute decisively for the external vulnerability of the Latin American economies: the atony of the industrial vocation of the national empresariado one and other social forces with marcante presence in the governmental politics, a protectionism that favors the inefficiency more than what the national qualification productive, the presence of companies multinationals in activities that demand little technological complexity and the inexistent one, or deficient, depending on the country, internal production in the sector of industrial goods.

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